United Kingdom : index

showing all galleries, 
latest update first    
(change)

DMUs

DMUs
349 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
Diesel Multiple Units have been a significant part of the British railway landscape since the modernisation plan units first appeared in the late 1950s. Their use has since expanded from local and suburban services to almost all passenger trains on non-electrified lines, including long-distance expresses.

Class 158, 159

Class 158, 159
69 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The 2-car Class 158 DMUs were introduced in 1989 to replace loco hauled trains on major regional routes. Some now run as 3-car sets. The 159s are very similar 3-car units originally owned by Network South East rather than Regional Railways. Both classes are still hard at work across the network.

South Western

South Western
186 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
South West Trains operated suburban and long distance services from London Waterloo to the south and west from 1996 to 2017, when South Western Railway took over. Both are covered here. The franchise operates a large fleet of 750V DC 3rd rail EMUs but also uses DMUs on a few routes.

158 Waterloo - Weymouth

158 Waterloo - Weymouth
341 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
This 143 mile line, electrified at 750V DC, provides a vital link from London to Southampton and much of Hampshire and Dorset. West of Basingstoke it also carries traffic from the Midlands and further north to the south coast, including significant volumes of freight to and from Southampton docks.

EMUs

EMUs
299 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
Electric Multiple Units have run in Britain for over a hundred years and will probably be the dominant form of traction for the next century. They come in many variants, designed for everything from urban mass transit to high-speed, long-distance, InterCity travel and carry a wide variety of liveries.

Class 455, 456

Class 455, 456
26 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
137 Class 455 4-car 750V DC EMUs were built in the mid-1980s to replace older slam-door stock. The 24 Class 456 2-car units followed in 1991. The 456s and many of the 455s have recently been withdrawn. The remaining 455s are in service with South Western but are overdue for replacement.

148 Reading - Redhill

148 Reading - Redhill
91 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The 46 mile Reading - Redhill line was completed in 1849 by the South Eastern Railway. Although some of the route is electrified, there are two lengthy gaps and through passenger services are worked by DMUs. There is no regular freight traffic but the line sees test trains and the occasional diverted freight.

Reading Area

Reading Area
136 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
This gallery brings together photos taken within a radius of 3 miles of Reading station on the various lines radiating from this major junction on the Great Western Main Line, 36 miles west of London. Locations include Sonning Cutting and Southcote Junction, both now ruined by electrification.

Freight

Freight
1075 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
Freight traffic declined steadily through the BR years despite numerous initiatives to stem the tide. There was an upturn post-privatisation but the decline in coal-fired power generation hit the sector hard. Fortunately other markets such as intermodal and aggregates are helping to fill the gap.

GB Railfreight

GB Railfreight
232 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
GB Railfreight is the most successful of the new freight companies created since privatisation and is still growing. It currently operates a fleet of well over 100 locomotives from a variety of classes including Class 47, 57, 66 and 69 diesels, Class 73 electro-diesels and Class 92 electrics.

Network Rail

Network Rail
128 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
Network Rail owns and operates the rail network (the infrastructure as opposed to the trains) and was formed in 2002 after the collapse of Railtrack. It owns a wide variety of rolling stock used to test and maintain the infrastructure, including a few locomotives, but freight operators provide the power for most trains.

Class 69

Class 69
27 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The class 69s are BR Class 56 Co-Cos rebuilt with EMD 710 series engines and introduced in 2021. The rebuilds have many components in common with Class 66s and both classes are capable of working in multiple. The class is based at Tonbridge but regularly works freights across much of England.

Class 47, 57

Class 47, 57
58 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
With 508 locos built from 1962, the Class 47 or Brush Type 4 was Britain's most numerous class of main line diesel loco and could be found on passenger and freight services almost anywhere on the system. Around 30 were rebuilt as Class 57s and a similar number of un-rebuilt locos remain in service.

Class 458

Class 458
23 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The 30 Class 458 4 car 750V DC EMUs were the first new design for a privatised operator and have had an interesting life, being rebuilt after 10 years and now going through another conversion prior to swapping their outer suburban existence for a starring role on the Waterloo - Portsmouth route.

Colas Rail

Colas Rail
87 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
Colas Rail is a major French railway infrastructure maintenance company that also runs freight and departmental trains across the network. Its core fleet consists of Class 56, 66 and 70 diesels and it uses classes 37 and 43 (and GBRf Class 73) on test trains operated on behalf of Network Rail.

Class 66

Class 66
606 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The GM JT42CWR Co-Co, better known as the Class 66, has been Britain's standard freight diesel for the last 20 years, with almost 500 delivered between 1998 and 2015. They can be seen everywhere from the Scottish Highlands to Cornwall or Kent on all types of freight traffic.

Freightliner

Freightliner
409 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
BR's intermodal activities were privatised in 1996 and retained the Freightliner name. The company has since expanded to become the UK's largest freight operator. The loco fleet consists largely of Class 66 diesels but there are also Class 70 diesels and Class 90 electrics.

Class 70

Class 70
80 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The Class 70 is a 3700hp Co-Co diesel-electric built by GE for Freightliner and Colas between 2008 and 2017. The 17 Colas machines are very active, working departmental and freight trains across the network, in contrast, Freightliner's 20 locos seem underutilised, with several usually in store.

122 Reading - Basingstoke

122 Reading - Basingstoke
16 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The Reading - Basingstoke line is a busy 14 mile double-track railway that forms part of the principal route from the Midlands to the port of Southampton and the south coast resorts. Freight traffic, mainly containers and automotive, is heavy and there are also frequent local and long distance passenger trains.

Class 444, 450

Class 444, 450
71 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
These classes are similar EMUs from the Siemens Desiro Mainline range. The 127 Class 450 4-car units for outer suburban services were introduced in 2003 and the 45 Class 444 5-car units for long distance services the following year. All are 750V DC 3rd rail units and work for South Western Railway.

Loco Hauled Passenger

Loco Hauled Passenger
187 photos
updated : 2024-02-29
The loco hauled passenger train is a real rarity in the UK these days but it wasn't always so. The word "passenger" has been loosely interpreted to mean trains formed of coaching stock including parcels and mail trains as well as empty stock workings, test trains and unit drags. HSTs and similar are excluded.

135 Reading - Westbury

135 Reading - Westbury
395 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
The scenic Berks and Hants line is part of the most direct route from London to Taunton and beyond. It handles expresses from London to the West of England and local trains as far as Bedwyn but the main interest is the heavy aggregates traffic from the Mendip quarries to the London area.

Class 59

Class 59
270 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
Fifteen 3300hp Class 59 Co-Co diesel-electrics were built between 1986 and 1995. They were unusual at the time in being American built and privately owned. All have worked stone traffic from the Mendip quarries and 14 still do, but now for Freightliner. GBRf owns the 15th loco.

Mendip Rail

Mendip Rail
149 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
The rail operations of Foster Yeoman and Hanson (formerly ARC) were combined as Mendip Rail in 1993. Their 8 class 59 locomotives continue to haul stone trains from Merehead and Whatley quarries to various destinations in southern England but are now owned and operated by Freightliner.

Class 60

Class 60
79 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
These 3000hp diesel-electric Co-Co heavy freight locos were the last diesel design built for BR and 100 entered service between 1989 and 1993. All passed to EWS and then to DBC. The remaining DB locos are now in store but some were sold and still work heavy freights for GBRf and DCR.

DC Rail

DC Rail
15 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
DC Rail (Devon and Cornwall Railways) has been operating freight services since 2011 and currently uses a small fleet of 2 Class 56 and 4 Class 60 diesels, mainly on aggregates traffic for its parent company, Cappagh Group. It has recently acquired more Class 60s although none are yet in service.

Classic Traction

Classic Traction
226 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
This gallery contains pictures of British Rail's diesel and electric loco classes introduced before 1980, including later rebuilds such as the Class 57s and 69s. These were the locos I grew up with, travelled behind and collected the numbers of as a teenager and cut my teeth on as a photographer.

Class 701

Class 701
28 photos
updated : 2024-02-27
The Class 701 750V DC EMUs are from the Bombardier Aventra range and intended for use on South Western's inner and outer suburban routes. An order for 60 10-car and 30 5-car sets was placed in 2017 and, although testing has taken place, the vast majority of units are yet to enter service.

Class 73

Class 73
40 photos
updated : 2024-02-25
The Class 73 Electro-Diesels were built for the Southern Region in the 1960s and were 750V DC electrics with a small diesel engine to provide power away from the 3rd rail. GBRF retains a small fleet and several of these were rebuilt with more powerful diesels from 2014 for test trains and the Caledonian Sleeper.

Electro-Diesels

Electro-Diesels
44 photos
updated : 2024-02-25
Electro-Diesels are electric locomotives that also have a diesel engine to provide power away from electrified lines. The 750V DC Class 73s have been in use since the 1960s and have recently been joined by new 25kV Class 88s. With Classes 93 and 99 also on order the future for electro-diesels looks bright.

DB Cargo

DB Cargo
406 photos
updated : 2024-02-23
EWS, the UKs largest freight operator, was taken over by Deutsche Bahn in late 2007, becoming DB Schenker and later DB Cargo. DBC uses around 180 Class 66 diesels on all types of freight traffic. It has small fleet of Class 67s and 92s but no longer uses Class 60 diesels or Class 90 electrics.

English Welsh &Scottish Railway

English Welsh &Scottish Railway
171 photos
updated : 2024-02-23
EWS bought 5 of the 6 ex-BR freight operations at privatisation in the late 1990s, becoming the largest rail freight operator by far. It then introduced the Class 66 to replace most of the ex-BR locos. DB bought EWS in 2009. This gallery covers both the EWS era and EWS liveried locos in later years.

149 Waterloo - Reading & branches

149 Waterloo - Reading & branches
102 photos
updated : 2024-02-23
The line from Waterloo to Reading, its branches to Windsor and Weybridge and the Hounslow loop are known as the Windsor Lines. Commuter traffic to and from London worked by South Western Railway EMUs dominates but the line also sees through freight traffic routed to the LSWR main line via Chertsey.

125 Paddington - Reading

125 Paddington - Reading
146 photos
updated : 2024-02-23
The four track main line from Reading to Paddington was one of Britain’s busiest diesel worked routes, carrying frequent HSTs and DMUs from London to the west. Freight traffic includes container, steel and stone trains. The line is still busy but electrification had ruined all the good photo locations by late 2016.

Direct Rail Services

Direct Rail Services
67 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
Direct Rail Services was formed by BNFL to move nuclear flasks between power stations and the Sellafield reprocessing plant in Cumbria. It has since diversified into other freight markets. Most trains are operated by Class 66,68 and 88 locos but a few Class 37 and 57 remain in service.

229 Dundee - Aberdeen

229 Dundee - Aberdeen
251 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
The line from Dundee north to Aberdeen is quite scenic and follows the coast part of the way. It's fairly busy these days with short HSTs on most Glasgow and Edinburgh trains and DMUs on local services. There are also a few regular freights, the Caledonian Sleeper and semaphore signals to add to the interest.

Class 168 & 170-172

Class 168 & 170-172
78 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
Classes 168, 170, 171 and 172 are all developments of the BR Class 165 and 166 DMUs and were built for privatised operators by Bombardier in Derby from the late 1990s. Many are used on longer distance services such as Marylebone - Birmingham, Nottingham - Cardiff or Glasgow - Inverness.

ScotRail

ScotRail
156 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
ScotRail operates almost all passenger services that run entirely within Scotland. The operator has a large fleet of EMUs and DMUs, which operate most services, but has recently acquired a number of shortened HST sets for use on services linking Glasgow and Edinburgh with Aberdeen and Inverness.

Bi-Mode MUs

Bi-Mode MUs
66 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
This category covers units with bi-mode capabilities, generally the ability to run as EMUs on electrified lines and switch to diesel engines or batteries elsewhere. Over 100 such units, almost unknown in the UK until recently, are in service already and many more are expected to be built in the coming years.

High Speed Trains

High Speed Trains
378 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
Originally high speed trains meant HSTs, or InterCity 125s as they were better known, but the category has grown to include Class 91 powered InterCity 225s and various types of high speed DMU, EMU or BMMU. This gallery includes all high speed trains, defined here as unit trains capable of 125mph or more.

Class 800 - 810

Class 800 - 810
63 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
Classes 800 to 810 are new bi-mode high-speed units built by Hitachi for various operators including LNER, GWR and TPE and introduced in 2017. Some units have plenty of diesel power and can operate normally away from the wires, others just enough to keep them moving if the power fails.

East Coast

East Coast
48 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
The East Coast franchise, covering trains from London to Newcastle, Edinburgh and Leeds, has changed hands several times since privatisation but the motive power, Class 91s and HSTs, remained the same until 2019, when the Class 800 and 801 IETs replaced all the HSTs and many 91s.

Class 43 HSTs

Class 43 HSTs
203 photos
updated : 2024-02-21
The Class 43 powered HSTs brought new levels of speed and comfort to several of Britain's main lines in the 1970s. They have lost their highest profile work in recent years but some remain in service today, on passenger work for Scotrail and GWR and on Network Rail test trains.

Great Western

Great Western
230 photos
updated : 2024-02-20
Great Western was one of the first privatised passenger franchises, created in 1996 to operate former Western Region InterCity services. It has since expanded to run other services in the same general area, including the Cardiff - Portsmouth route and local services in the Thames Valley and West Country.

Class 375, 377, 379, 387

Class 375, 377, 379, 387
26 photos
updated : 2024-02-20
Classes 375, 377, 379 and 387 are all Bombardier Electrostar EMUs, intended for outer suburban and medium distance services. Some are 25kV AC only, others 750V DC only and yet more are dual system. Almost 500 units are in service with various operators, mainly in the south-east of England.

Class 220, 221, 222

Class 220, 221, 222
61 photos
updated : 2024-02-19
Classes 220, 221 and 222 are similar high speed DEMUs built by Bombardier between 2000 and 2005. In total 105 units were built in various configurations for long-distance services. Cross Country, Avanti West Coast and East Midlands Railway all currently operate fleets of these trains.

Cross Country

Cross Country
53 photos
updated : 2024-02-19
The Cross Country franchise operates a number of medium and long-distance services via Birmingham, none of which serve London. Most trains are worked by Class 220 or 221 DEMUs. A fleet of Class 170 DMUs covers secondary routes and there were HSTs and loco hauled trains in the past.

Class 319, 769

Class 319, 769
3 photos
updated : 2024-02-11
86 Class 319 4-car 25kV AC / 750V DC EMUs were built between 1987 and 1990 for Thameslink services. Since their replacement in 2015 some have been used on other routes or converted to Class 768 parcel units or Class 769 diesel/electric hybrids. The remaining 319s and 769s are due for withdrawal.

British Rail

British Rail
123 photos
updated : 2024-02-09
British Railways, later British Rail, was the national operator from 1948 until privatisation in the late 1990s. Most images here are from the "corporate blue" era, which ended with sectorisation in 1982, as well as later photos featuring liveries from that era. Post-sectorisation liveries will be covered elsewhere.

135 Westbury - Cogload Jn

135 Westbury - Cogload Jn
78 photos
updated : 2024-02-08
This line forms the western part of the GWR's direct route from Reading to Taunton. The Westbury end is busy with local trains on the Bristol - Weymouth route and stone trains from the Mendip quarries but further west there's little traffic apart from the through expresses between London and the west.

Class 165, 166

Class 165, 166
84 photos
updated : 2024-02-08
The Class 165 and 166 DMUs were introduced in 1990 for local and regional services on the Thames Valley and Chiltern routes. Many have now moved to other GWR services further west. As DMUs go they're among the most attractive in use today with rounded fronts unspoilt by corridor connections.

Miscellaneous Operators

Miscellaneous Operators
7 photos
updated : 2024-02-03
This gallery covers organisations other than the usual passenger and freight companies or the two big mainline railtour operators. Most of these will be preservation groups but other operators that aren't well enough represented to justify having their own galleries may also be included here.

Class 50

Class 50
15 photos
updated : 2024-02-03
The English Electric Class 50 2700hp Co-Co diesel-electric was introduced in 1967 for WCML services north of Crewe. They were excellent performers but had some reliability problems. The class migrated to the Western Region in 1974 and remained there until the final examples were withdrawn in 1994.

Class 33

Class 33
8 photos
updated : 2024-02-03
The BRCW Type 3 Bo-Bo diesel-electric was a useful 1550hp loco designed to meet the requirements of the Southern Region. Over the years their duties took them far from SR metals on passenger and freight workings. Most of the class were withdrawn in the 1990s but a handful are still in service with WCRC.

029 North Lincolnshire Lines

029 North Lincolnshire Lines
60 photos
updated : 2024-02-02
Barnetby lies at the junction of 3 former Great Central Railway routes leading to the east coast ports of Immingham and Grimsby. Immingham still generates a high volume of freight traffic for the energy and steel industries with regular coal, biomass, iron ore and oil trains worked by a variety of loco classes.

Class 185

Class 185
12 photos
updated : 2024-02-02
The 51 Siemens built Class 185 3-car DMUs all work for Trans Pennine Express on various medium to long distance routes across northern England, occasionally reaching Glasgow or Edinburgh as well. They were built in 2006 and are the UK's only examples of Siemens Desiro DMUs.

Trans Pennine Express

Trans Pennine Express
24 photos
updated : 2024-02-02
Trans Pennine Express operates long distance passenger services across the Pennines, linking the cities of Lancashire with Yorkshire, the Humber and North East England. Its trains also operate from Liverpool and Manchester via the ECML to Edinburgh and via the WCML to Glasgow and Edinburgh.

Southern

Southern
23 photos
updated : 2024-02-01
Southern operates passenger services on the former Central division of the Southern Region, centred around the electrified lines from London to Brighton and various south coast destinations. It also operates an extensive electric suburban network in South London and local services along the south coast.

078 Peak District

078 Peak District
87 photos
updated : 2024-01-30
The Hope Valley line from Sheffield to Manchester and the freight lines around Peak Forest and Buxton make attractive subjects for photography. The local quarries generate significant volumes of traffic as does the cement works at Hope. As a bonus, there are still semaphore signals at several locations.

053 Midland Main Line

053 Midland Main Line
39 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
The Midland route from St Pancras to Sheffield via Derby, Toton or Nottingham is relatively quiet compared to the East or West Coast routes but carries significant volumes of freight, particularly north of Leicester. Electrification only reaches Kettering at the moment but is currently being extended northwards.

East Midlands Railway

East Midlands Railway
27 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
East Midlands Trains operated Midland Main Line passengers and associated local services until 2019, when the franchise was awarded to East Midlands Railway. Both companies' trains will appear here. All services have been worked by DMUs since the last HSTs were retired in late 2020.

057 Birmingham - Derby

057 Birmingham - Derby
24 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
The former Midland Railway route from Birmingham to Derby is an important part of the North-East to South-West corridor, linking Yorkshire and the East Midlands with the West Midlands, South Wales and the South West. It continues to be busy with passenger traffic and also sees a significant volume of freight.

054 Stenson Jn - Sheet Stores Jn

054 Stenson Jn - Sheet Stores Jn
22 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
This short section of freight line runs for 12 miles from Stenson Junction, south of Derby on the Birmingham line, to Sheet Stores Junction, south-east of Derby on the route to Trent Junction, leading to Toton, Nottingham and Leicester. The line sees no regular passenger trains but is quite busy with freight traffic.

Greater Anglia

Greater Anglia
33 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
Greater Anglia operates most passenger services in East Anglia and on several outer-suburban routes from London Liverpool St. The vast majority of GA trains are EMUs but some services were hauled by Class 37 diesels or Class 90 electric locos until late 2019 and early 2020 respectively.

Class 37

Class 37
33 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
The Class 37 or English Electric Type 3 1750hp Co-Co diesel-electric was BR's go anywhere, do anything locomotive and arguably the country's most successful diesel design. Several have remained in main line service for over 60 years and the survivors still see regular use with a few operators today.

Harry Needle Railroad Co

Harry Needle Railroad Co
5 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
HNRC is the owner of a sizeable fleet of older locomotives which it hires out. Some are main line certified while others act as industrial or depot shunters. The operational fleet changes frequently with a number of Class 20, 37 and 47 being on the company's books as this is written in summer 2023.

Class 68

Class 68
12 photos
updated : 2024-01-28
The 34 Class 68 3800hp Bo-Bo diesel-electrics were built between 2013 and 2017 by Vossloh, later Stadler, and are all in service with DRS. As well as working DRS freight trains, a number of Class 68s are sub-leased to Chiltern Railways for passenger work between London and the West Midlands.

240 Aberdeen - Inverness

240 Aberdeen - Inverness
11 photos
updated : 2024-01-21
The Aberdeen to Inverness line is all that remains of a once extensive rail network in North East Scotland. The route is a combination of lines operated by the Highland Railway, west of Keith, and the GNoSR, to the east. Today it is mostly operated by DMUs but a few services are worked by Scotrail HSTs.

229 Glasgow - Dundee

229 Glasgow - Dundee
8 photos
updated : 2024-01-21
The line from Glasgow to Dundee via Stirling and Perth is the gateway to the Highlands and the North East, carrying long distance and regional passenger trains as well as a few freights. Passenger services are a mixture of DMUs and short HSTs and there are semaphore signals in places.

065 Carlisle - Glasgow

065 Carlisle - Glasgow
39 photos
updated : 2024-01-20
The former Caledonian Railway route over Beattock Summit, forms the northern section of the electrified West Coast Main Line. It's busier now than it's ever been but most passenger services are worked by EMUs. There is some freight, much of it diesel hauled despite the line being electrified for many years.

Class 390

Class 390
37 photos
updated : 2024-01-20
Virgin Trains introduced the 53 Alstom built Class 390 Pendolinos to the West Coast Main Line in 2002 and these 9 and 11 car 25kV EMUs soon dominated Inter City services on the route. At the end of 2019, the class 390s passed to Avanti West Coast, the new franchisee, and remain on WCML services.

Virgin / Avanti West Coast

Virgin / Avanti West Coast
54 photos
updated : 2024-01-20
Virgin Trains operated long distance services on the West Coast Main Line, linking London with the West Midlands, North West England and Scotland, from privatisation in 1997 until late 2019 when the franchise, complete with its Class 221 DMUs and Class 390 EMUs, passed to Avanti West Coast.

West Coast Railway Co

West Coast Railway Co
7 photos
updated : 2024-01-20
West Coast Railway Company is a Carnforth based charter train operator with its own fleet of coaches and a sizeable roster of ex-BR steam and diesel locomotives. WCRC operates special trains across the network itself and also runs them on behalf of other tour promoters.

156 Woking - Portsmouth

156 Woking - Portsmouth
7 photos
updated : 2024-01-20
The Portsmouth Direct line was opened in 1859 and cut around 20 miles off the distance between Portsmouth and the capital by rail. Electrification came in 1937, since when the line has largely been worked by EMUs. Guildford is the most important intermediate town and also serves the Reading - Redhill line.

047 Water Orton - Leicester - Peterborough

047 Water Orton - Leicester - Peterborough
34 photos
updated : 2024-01-14
This is a meandering east-west route linking the West Midlands with East Anglia and connecting the West Coast, East Coast and Midland main lines. Passenger trains are all DMUs. Freight traffic has grown significantly in recent years, particularly container trains to and from the port of Felixtowe.

Class 67

Class 67
10 photos
updated : 2024-01-04
The 30 3200hp Class 67 Bo-Bo diesel-electrics were built by Alstom from 1999 for mail trains operated by EWS and had the same GM engine and generator as the class 66. After the mail contract was lost in 2003, they have been used for many different types of traffic with several in store and a couple sold.

Class 325

Class 325
5 photos
updated : 2023-10-21
The 16 Class 325 4-car EMUs were introduced in 1995 for postal services and can run on 25kV AC and 750V DC electrified routes. They are currently operated by DB Cargo and can normally be found working trains between Willesden, Warrington and Shieldmuir for Royal Mail.

065 Euston - Crewe

065 Euston - Crewe
97 photos
updated : 2023-10-21
The southern section of the West Coast Main Line, from London Euston north to Rugby, Stafford and Crewe is one of the country's busiest rail routes with freights and passengers vying for the available capacity. Despite the line being electrified at 25kV AC, much of the freight traffic is still hauled by diesels.

Class 350

Class 350
28 photos
updated : 2023-10-20
The 76 Class 350s are 4-car 25kV EMUs from the Siemens Desiro Mainline range, built for outer suburban and long distance services from 2005. They are very similar to the Class 450 750V DC units. All 350s are now with London Northwestern, part of WMT, but 10 were used by Trans Pennine until 2020.

London Northwestern

London Northwestern
24 photos
updated : 2023-10-20
London Northwestern operates outer suburban and long distance services on the West Coast Main Line between London, the West Midlands, Crewe and Liverpool and is actually part of West Midlands Trains. Almost all services are operated with Siemens built 4-car Class 350 EMUs.

Class 90

Class 90
24 photos
updated : 2023-10-19
The fifty Class 90 25kV Bo-Bo electrics were the last locos built specifically for the WCML and entered service between 1987 and 1990. Some still worked passenger trains in East Anglia until 2020 but the class is now almost exclusively used in pairs on intermodal trains for Freightliner.

Electrics

Electrics
36 photos
updated : 2023-10-19
There aren't many electric locos in 21st Century Britain. The almost complete eradication of loco hauled passengers and the lack of joined up freight routes mean there's only enough work for a few dozen locos, and recent years have seen a reduction in their use despite the operational and environmental benefits.

116 Didcot - Aynho Jn

116 Didcot - Aynho Jn
84 photos
updated : 2023-08-31
The Didcot - Aynho Junction line is part of a major route linking the Midlands with Reading, London and the south coast via Oxford, a major source of passenger traffic in its own right. In addition to frequent passenger trains, the line carries a significant volume of freight, predominantly container traffic.

Chiltern Railways

Chiltern Railways
26 photos
updated : 2023-08-31
Chiltern Railways operates passenger services from London's Marylebone to the north-west suburbs and beyond to Oxford and the West Midlands. Most trains are worked by DMUs, some of them classes unique to Chiltern, but a few trains are operated by hired DRS Class 68 diesels on push-pull sets.

Birmingham Area

Birmingham Area
20 photos
updated : 2023-08-31
Birmingham is England's second city and one of the best connected rail-wise. The area sees plenty of freight and long distance and local passenger traffic on the main routes converging on New Street and Snow Hill stations and on various freight lines that avoid the congested central area.

071 Aynho Jn - Birmingham

071 Aynho Jn - Birmingham
30 photos
updated : 2023-08-31
The unelectrified route from Aynho Junction through Banbury and Leamington funnels trains from London and the south coast towards the Midlands. The line runs through attractive rural countryside and has seen significant growth in both passenger and freight traffic in recent years.

Class 20

Class 20
7 photos
updated : 2023-08-31
The Class 20 or English Electric Type 1 1000hp Bo-Bo diesel-electric was the first of the 1955 modernisation plans to be built in large numbers. Designed for freight work, they proved very reliable locos and a few still see occasional use, over 60 years after the class was introduced.

Class 56

Class 56
6 photos
updated : 2023-08-26
The Class 56 3250hp Co-Co was a late 1970s heavy freight design. Most were built at Crewe or Doncaster but the first 30 were subcontracted to Electroputere in Romania. A number remain in service today, with Colas and DCR, while others are being rebuilt as Class 69 for GBRf.

Northern

Northern
6 photos
updated : 2023-08-11
Northern Trains operates local and some regional services over a large area of northern England, from Northumberland to Nottingham and Carlisle to Crewe, including the cities of Lancashire and Yorkshire. It operates a wide variety of DMU and EMU classes including several types that are unique to Northern.

Class 150

Class 150
10 photos
updated : 2023-08-11
The Class 150 was the first of BR's 'Sprinter' DMUs, introduced to replace life-expired first generation units in the mid 1980s. Around 130 units are in use, mostly 2-car sets with a few 3-car formations. They operate local services for Northern, Great Western, West Midlands and Transport for Wales.

Class 707

Class 707
7 photos
updated : 2023-05-15
The 30 class 707 5-car 750V DC inner suburban EMUs are from Siemens' Desiro City range and entered service with South Western in 2017. They are in the process of being transferred to South Eastern but the late delivery of SWR's new Class 701s has delayed the move of some units.

011 Liverpool St - Norwich

011 Liverpool St - Norwich
28 photos
updated : 2023-05-08
The 115 mile route from London Liverpool St to Norwich was the GER's premier route and has employed a wide variety of motive power over the years. Recently it was notable for being the last British main line to retain loco hauled passenger trains, long after units had become the norm elsewhere.

Class 31

Class 31
14 photos
updated : 2023-05-08
The original Brush Type 2 1365hp A1A-A1A diesel-electrics were troublesome. Re-engining improved reliability but they were still heavy and underpowered. Originally based on the ER, the class spread to most parts of the system by the 1990s. Many finished in that decade but three remained in service until 2015.

Steam

Steam
8 photos
updated : 2023-04-23
Real working steam has been a priority for me and that hasn't been available in the UK since the last industrial systems closed or dieselised in the early 1980s, just as I was getting started. Although preserved steam feels a bit artificial to me, I do point my camera in the direction of a steam special, occasionally.

Caledonian Sleeper

Caledonian Sleeper
17 photos
updated : 2023-04-16
Anglo-Scottish sleepers are operated by a Scottish Government agency but worked by GBRf locos. Class 92 electrics work south of Glasgow and Edinburgh, with Class 73/9 electro-diesels working north to Aberdeen, Inverness and Fort William. New Mk V coaches were introduced in 2019.

Class 86

Class 86
5 photos
updated : 2023-04-06
The 4000hp 25kV AC Class 86 Bo-Bo was introduced in 1965 for mixed traffic duties on the recently extended electrified section of the WCML. They continued on WCML and later Great Eastern passenger duties until 2004 and worked container trains for Freightliner until early 2021.

Class 88

Class 88
5 photos
updated : 2023-04-06
The Class 88 is the first of a new family of electro-diesels and bears a close resemblance to the Class 68. DRS has 10 of these 25kV 5400hp electric / 940hp diesel Bo-Bos in service, used primarily on intermodals between Mossend and Daventry, but appearing on other traffic and routes as well.

Class 92

Class 92
4 photos
updated : 2023-04-06
Brush built 46 Class 92 Co-Co electrics for Channel Tunnel traffic from 1993. Only a few are in use after the traffic they were intended for didn't materialise. DBC and GBRf use 92s in the tunnel and GBRf locos work Caledonian Sleeper services between London and Scotland. Some have been exported.

Class 397

Class 397
5 photos
updated : 2023-03-20
A small class of 12 EMUs operated by Trans-Pennine on long distance services linking Glasgow and Edinburgh with Liverpool and Manchester via the WCML. The 5-car units were built by CAF and introduced by TPE in late 2019. Despite running at up to 125mph they have no yellow warning panels.

065 Crewe - Carlisle

065 Crewe - Carlisle
7 photos
updated : 2023-03-19
The line from Crewe to Carlisle was completed in the 1840s and forms the central section of the busy West Coast Main Line. The section from Crewe north to Carlisle was electrified in the 1970s and is busiest south of Preston but best known for the steeply graded climb over Shap Summit in Cumbria.

Class 180

Class 180
18 photos
updated : 2023-03-18
The 14 5-car Class 180 high speed DMUs were plagued with reliability issues in their earlier years. Originally all were with First Great Western but some later went to Hull Trains. The only current operator is Grand Central but they also worked for East Midlands until recently.

Class 156

Class 156
6 photos
updated : 2023-03-16
Metro-Cammell built 114 2-car Class 156 DMUs for BR in the late 1980s. They were originally intended for medium-distance limited-stop services but soon gravitated to less important duties. All 114 units are still in service, currently working for the ScotRail and Northern franchises.

123 Westbury - Southampton

123 Westbury - Southampton
11 photos
updated : 2023-02-19
The 50 mile long line from Westbury via Salisbury to Southampton forms part of the important secondary route from Bristol and South Wales to the Solent and South Coast. As well as DMUs, there are a number of regular stone trains on this attractive rural route through the Wessex countryside.

Network South East

Network South East
42 photos
updated : 2020-06-18
Network South East was part of British Rail, set up to operate local and regional passenger services in the London area and the south east of England. NSE existed from 1982 until the run-up to privatisation in the late-1990s and operated a variety of locos and multiple units.

Class 423 4-VEP

Class 423 4-VEP
12 photos
updated : 2020-06-18
The 4-VEP, later Class 423 750V DC EMU was a mainstay of the Southern Region's outer suburban services from the late 1960s until the early 2000s. They were 90mph 4-car units with an external door to every seating bay, a factor that led to their demise due to safety concerns over slam door stock.

Class 442

Class 442
7 photos
updated : 2020-06-18
The Class 442 750V DC EMUs were 5-car sets built for Waterloo - Weymouth services when electrification was extended to Weymouth in 1988. They worked for Gatwick Express from 2007 to 2016. A return to SWR for Portsmouth services was cancelled in 2021 and most vehicles have now been scrapped.

Class 421 4-CIG

Class 421 4-CIG
4 photos
updated : 2020-06-18
The 4-CIG, later Class 421, was the standard Southern Region long distance 750V DC 4-car EMU from the late '60s, used across the region and particularly on the Central division. Safety concerns over slam-door stock led to their replacement by new sliding door stock during the first few years of this century.

Class 491 4TC

Class 491 4TC
5 photos
updated : 2020-06-18
The Class 491, later 438, also known as the 4TC, was developed for the Bournemouth electrification in 1967 and was an unpowered 4-car unit that was pulled or pushed by locos or EMUs. They saw use on other routes including the Waterloo - Salisbury line. All were withdrawn by 1990.

170 Victoria - East Croydon

170 Victoria - East Croydon
11 photos
updated : 2020-04-27
The 4-track main line from Victoria to East Croydon via Balham and Norbury is one of the county's busiest, feeding trains into a complex network of suburban lines, as well as the Brighton Main Line and routes to other Sussex and South Coast destinations. Almost all services are worked by Southern EMUs.

186 East Croydon - Brighton

186 East Croydon - Brighton
12 photos
updated : 2020-04-27
The core of the electrified Brighton Main Line runs from East Croydon through London's outer suburbs, under the North Downs and into the countryside, serving Gatwick Airport and several medium sized towns before reaching Brighton. The vast majority of traffic is worked by EMUs of various types.

125 Didcot - Swindon

125 Didcot - Swindon
24 photos
updated : 2020-04-24
Brunel's Great Western Main Line leaves the Thames Valley at Didcot and strikes westwards, climbing gently for 24 miles to Swindon, a town created by the railway and a major junction today. These photos were taken in 2016, just before electrification work ruined almost every photo location.

Manchester Area

Manchester Area
12 photos
updated : 2020-04-22
Manchester has a longer involvement with railways than most places, being the eastern terminus of the world's first public railway. These pictures were taken on a day trip to the city in 1982 and show a range of diesel and electric traction that disappeared soon afterwards and seems very exotic today.

Class 25

Class 25
6 photos
updated : 2020-04-22
The Class 25 or BR Type 2 1250hp Bo-Bo diesels were the UK's second largest class, totalling 327 locos, and worked everywhere from northern Scotland to Cornwall. By the early 1980s there was little need for smaller locomotives and the class was progressively withdrawn with the last going in 1987.

Class 55 Deltics

Class 55 Deltics
23 photos
updated : 2020-04-20
Without doubt the most remarkable diesels ever to run on BR, the Deltics were faster and more powerful than their contemporaries. After 20 years and millions of miles working 100mph expresses on the ECML, these 3300hp Co-Co diesel-electrics were worn out and withdrawn at the end of 1981.

125 Reading - Didcot

125 Reading - Didcot
87 photos
updated : 2020-04-07
The busy 4-track Great Western main line from London to Oxford, Bristol and South Wales follows the Thames Valley through attractive countryside between Reading and Didcot. Most of these photos were taken in 2003 and between 2014 and 2015, before electrification spoiled all the good photo locations.

Class 320, 321, 322

Class 320, 321, 322
5 photos
updated : 2020-04-06
Classes 320, 321 and 322 are closely related 25kV AC EMUs built by BREL's York Works around 1990. The 3-car Class 320s work for ScotRail around Glasgow. Some Class 321 4-car units still work for Greater Anglia but most have been withdrawn. A few 321s have been converted for light freight use.

015 Norwich - Gt Yarmouth & Lowestoft

015 Norwich - Gt Yarmouth & Lowestoft
14 photos
updated : 2020-04-06
The "Wherry Lines" running east from Norwich to the coastal towns of Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft are operated by Greater Anglia. A shortage of DMUs led the hire of Class 37s and coaches from DRS to operate a few services until the operator received new bi-mode MUs from Stadler in late 2019.

Edinburgh Area

Edinburgh Area
13 photos
updated : 2020-04-04
Edinburgh is one of Scotland's two great railway hubs, located at the north end of the ECML and at the east end of the busy central belt. It's seen a wide variety of traction over the years, from Glens and A4s to Deltics and HSTs. These days most trains are EMUs or DMUs but Scotrail HSTs add some variety.

026 East Coast Main Line

026 East Coast Main Line
37 photos
updated : 2020-04-04
The East Coast Main Line runs from Edinburgh to London Kings Cross via Newcastle, York and Peterborough. It isn't particularly scenic but has long been famed for fast running. From Stirling Singles through Gresley Pacifics to Deltics, it was home to some of the most iconic locomotives to run in Britain.

Thames Trains

Thames Trains
7 photos
updated : 2019-09-29
Thames Trains won the franchise to operate local passenger services in the Thames Valley and related routes from 1996 using a fleet of class 165 and 166 DMUs. In 2004 the Thames franchise was combined with the Great Western contract and Thames Trains ceased to exist as an operator.

Class 44, 45, 46

Class 44, 45, 46
4 photos
updated : 2019-09-25
The Class 44, 45 and 46 "Peaks" were 2300hp or 2500hp 1-Co-Co-1 diesel-electrics built at Derby and Crewe from 1959. Although they operated in many parts of the country they were most closely associated with the Midland Main Line and NE-SW routes. The last Peaks were withdrawn in the late 1980s.

Industrial Railways

Industrial Railways
4 photos
updated : 2015-07-08
Industrial railways were once a very visible part of the British railway scene but most have closed along with the heavy industries they served. The few that remain are often inaccessible in high security environments, such as oil refineries or steelworks. These shots are from Bedlay Colliery in 1981.
My home country where I've been photographing trains since the late 1970s. Only a small fraction of my British material is online at present but it covers a wide range of loco classes, train types and photo locations, from northern Scotland to the south coast of England and from Deltics to DMUs.
Britain's railways are far less interesting than they were a few decades ago but despite the decline it is still possible to find trains and locations that are worth photographing.
page : 1009
WK000 : 2024-02-29
CS000 : 2022-08-03
CK000 : 2024-02-29










diagnostics

window : 0
viewport : 0
image frame : 0
outer frame size : 0
data block size : 0
caption block : 0
sideblock1 : 0
sideblock2 : 0
spacer 2 width : 0
spacer 3 width : 0
filter block width : 0