updated : 2016/07/16
50 photos
Baiyin Mineral Railway

Baiyin Mineral Railway

The Baiyin Non-Ferrous Metals Company operates a number of mines and smelters in the Baiyin area of Gansu Province in northwestern China, producing copper, aluminium and other metals. The complex is served by a network of railways that extends into the mountains to the north and used a small fleet of SYs to work ore, chemical and passenger trains. Diesels arrived in early 2010 and steam finished in late 2015.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
6 photos
Baotou Steelworks

Baotou Steelworks

The steelworks at Baotou used a variety of steam locomotives including classes YJ, ET7, JF, JS and SY. Steam lasted until the end of 2008 but by then only the SY were in use. These pictures date from early 2008.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
4 photos
Beipiao Mining Railway

Beipiao Mining Railway

The Beipiao Mining Railway was a relatively quiet affair serving a number of mines spread over a wide area of countryside around the town of the same name. By the time we arrived in late 2010, the first diesel had arrived and was handling most, but not all, of the traffic.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
29 photos
Beitai Steelworks

Beitai Steelworks

Steam lasted longer at Beitai than any other large steelworks but access was difficult. For a short period around 2011 it was possible to get official permission to visit, but at a high price. It was worth it though, and not just for the SYs. Steam finished when the old furnaces closed around a year later.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
5 photos
Benxi Steelworks

Benxi Steelworks

Benxi Steelworks still used a number of unusual steam locomotives in 1992, including XK2 class 0-6-0 tanks, built to USATC order during WWII. The gallery includes an electric and an unusual diesel as well.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
6 photos
Dahuichang Limestone Railway

Dahuichang Limestone Railway

The last place you would expect to find a steam worked narrow gauge railway is Beijing, China's bustling modern capital. However, only a short distance from the glass and steel towers of the city, diminutive C2 class 0-8-0s shuttled back and forth, hauling trains of tubs between the quarry and the limestone plant at Dahuichang. The line closed in 2005.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
4 photos
Dayan Mining Railway

Dayan Mining Railway

Dayan lies in the far north-east of Inner Mongolia, east of Haila'er, and is the location of a number of coal mines and a power station, all linked by a railway system. The line was totally steam worked until 2006 when the first diesels arrived.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
9 photos
Fula'erji Industrial Railways

Fula'erji Industrial Railways

Fula’erji is an industrial town on the Nenjiang (Nen River) about 30 km south-west of Qiqiha’er and is home to a number of large industrial plants, several of which have their own rail systems. This gallery contains pictures of the smart JS class locos that used to work at the No.2 Power Station and the scruffy SY class at the Heilongjiang Chemical Plant.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/06
24 photos
Fushun Mining Railway

Fushun Mining Railway

The opencast mine at Fushun was developed in the early years of the 20th Century and is served by an extensive electrified rail system. These pictures were taken on four trips over a period of almost 30 years, from 1984 to 2013, and show various classes of locomotive including a KD6 2-8-0, four different types of electric loco and, unusually for China, EMUs.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/06
74 photos
Fuxin Mining Railway

Fuxin Mining Railway

Fuxin has been a major coal mining centre for many years but the industry is now in decline and several mines have closed, robbing the railway of much of its traffic. The extensive electric system has largely closed and the remnants have been dewired. Remaining traffic is mainly steam worked, albeit with reduced volumes and a couple of diesels in use. The passenger service ceased in mid 2012.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/11
6 photos
Gongwusu Mining Railway

Gongwusu Mining Railway

Gongwusu is located in western Inner Mongolia, near the border with Ninxia and well off the beaten track. Hardly surprising that it wasn't discovered until 2007 and has seen few western visitors. It's not very busy and got by with one working engine most of the time. However, there were a few pleasant locations for those who were patient enough to wait for some action.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/12
7 photos
Hegang Mining Railway

Hegang Mining Railway

Hegang is another town that's been a major mining centre for many years and is now in decline. Much of the system is electrified but a significant proportion of traffic was hauled by SY class 2-8-2s. These pictures were taken on a short visit to the depot at Hegang in 2005 and a longer stay in March 2007, just before steam gave way to diesels.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/12
64 photos
Jixi Chengzihe Mining Railway

Jixi Chengzihe Mining Railway

Chengzihe was the busiest of the Jixi mine railways with plenty of steam action and some of the best industrial backdrops in China. One of the photographic highlights was the morning shift change at Dongchang when the line's SYs gathered in the yard around 8 o'clock. Electrification work started in 2010 and was completed in 2012.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/12
36 photos
Jixi Didao Mining Railway

Jixi Didao Mining Railway

The Didao system is a compact coal mining operation located north-west of Jixi and is centred on the washery at Didao Hebei. Much of the steam action was tender first but it was possible to find chimney first workings and impressive industrial backdrops. Didao dieselised in Autumn 2010.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/17
8 photos
Jixi Donghai Mining Railway

Jixi Donghai Mining Railway

Donghai is the smallest of the JIxi systems serving a single mine, Donghaikuang, east of Jixi. It does have a long connecting line to CNR but chimney first trains were downhill. The line dieselised in 2010.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/12
12 photos
Jixi Hengshan Mining Railway

Jixi Hengshan Mining Railway

Hengshan was the second busiest of the Jixi systems and featured a steeply graded "main line" between Xinhengshan and Zhongxin as well as a long rural line to Zhangxin. It was also the first system to get diesels.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/12
15 photos
Jixi Lishu Mining Railway

Jixi Lishu Mining Railway

Of the five steam worked systems in the Jixi area, Lishu was probably the most scenic and almost certainly the least productive. Lishu's mines are located in beautiful hilly country well away from the city so when the SYs did venture out, there were some excellent photo opportunities. Qikeng mine closed in 2008 and the line dieselised in 2010.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
8 photos
Meihekou Mining Railway

Meihekou Mining Railway

The Meihekou Mining Railway served a handful of deep mines south of the town of the same name, connecting to the national railways at Heitoushan. SYs handled most of the traffic but by 2005 there was also a DFH5 diesel in use. Steam finished around 2009.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
20 photos
Nanpiao Mining Railway

Nanpiao Mining Railway

The Nanpiao Mining Railway is a Y shaped system in the hills west of JInzhou. It used a small fleet of SYs but acquired some second hand BJ diesels in 2003 and later got some DF5s. The last steam locos lasted until 2010.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
24 photos
Pingdingshan Mining Railway

Pingdingshan Mining Railway

The Pingdingshan Mining Railway is an extensive system serving a number of modern coal mines around Pingdingshan and Baofeng in central Henan. The line was unusual in using JS, QJ and SY classes on heavy trains. The first diesels arrived in 2004 but steam lasted until 2009 on the long line north to Yuzhou.
v : T000
updated : 2017/03/09
32 photos
Pingzhuang Mining Railway

Pingzhuang Mining Railway

Pingzhuang was home to an extensive mining railway serving five deep coal mines and an opencast pit. The opencast electric system closed a few years ago and the deep mine system got a pair of diesels at the end of 2013 but the small fleet of SY class 2-8-2s still venture out from time to time. Traffic levels weren’t high but it was possible to get some good shots.
v : T000
updated : 2017/03/10
227 photos
Sandaoling Mining Railway

Sandaoling Mining Railway

Sandaoling, near Hami in the remote north-western province of Xinjiang, is home to the last steam worked opencast mine railway in the world. Rail operations within the pit are now much reduced and there are some diesels on surface duties but Sandaoling still has more working steam locos than anywhere else. Some SYs were in use a few years ago but the active steam fleet now consists entirely of JS class 2-8-2s.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
11 photos
Tiefa (Diaobingshan) Mining Railway

Tiefa (Diaobingshan) Mining Railway

This busy operation links several large coal mines in the Diaobingshan area, north west of Shenyang and was 100% steam worked until 2004. Most of the passengers were still worked by SYs until recently. The area is largely flat and infested with concrete poles, making conventional photography difficult. However, at sunrise and sunset, it came into its own.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
6 photos
Tongchuan Mining Railway

Tongchuan Mining Railway

The Tongchuan line was unique for keeping JF class 2-8-2s in service until the end of 2004, long after the rest of the class had been withdrawn. It was a very scenic line that climbed to mines high into the hills making the old locos work for their living. Unfortunately the weather around Tongchuan was notoriously bad with poor visibility being normal for most of the winter. The line is now totally diesel worked.
v : T000
updated : 2017/03/09
4 photos
Wujiu Mining Railway

Wujiu Mining Railway

Wujiu is located in the far north of Inner Mongolia, 60km north-east of Yakeshi. The railway serves four deep mines but only one was loading coal during our Nov 2016 visit, and not very much coal either. Steam is used for work around the mines but a diesel handles transfers to/from the main line connection at Meitian.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
12 photos
Yaojie Industrial Railways

Yaojie Industrial Railways

The mining town of Yaojie is blessed with two industrial railways, one heading south through a spectacular gorge to connect with CNR in Haishiwan and the other serving an aluminium smelter and a ferro-alloy works up the Datong River valley north of town. Both lines were steam worked in 2005 but one went diesel soon afterwards. The other retained a couple of SYs into 2014.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
8 photos
Yuanbaoshan Mining Railway

Yuanbaoshan Mining Railway

The Yuanbaoshan Mining Railway serves a number of coal mines and a major power station south of Chifeng in eastern Inner Mongolia. The line's main claim to fame was its fleet of smoke-deflector fitted JS class 2-8-2s. These attractive engines were kept very clean and made excellent photographic subjects. Diesels arrived in 2006 but steam is still occasionally used.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/14
67 photos
Zhalainuo'er Mining Railway

Zhalainuo'er Mining Railway

This large opencast mine in the far north east of Inner Mongolia was entirely steam worked by a large fleet of SY class 2-8-2s. Imagine Clapham Junction transplanted into the Grand Canyon and you get the idea. This was almost certainly the most spectacular steam location to survive into the 21st Century. The opencast mine system closed in 2009.
v : T000
updated : 2016/07/13
16 photos
misc industrial railways

misc industrial railways

Visits to a number of industrial operations only produced one or two worthwhile pictures, not enough to justify a dedicated gallery, and are grouped together here.
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